Think you know Delay? Think again!
Delay, like reverb, is one of those effects we take for granted as producers.The effect isn't as subtle or elusive as compression, for example, and it can often be immediately noticeable when applied even in small amounts so we often feel it needs no real introduction. However, the somewhat simple nature belies a far more complex application for music production and mixing.
For this session we unravel and explain the intricacies of employing delay. We begin by introducing the basic parameters that form the basis of all delay units before examining the importance of musical notation, the significance of delay timing in a mix, feedback uses, how to calculate the best delay times, the principles of echo, slapback, ADT, dynamic delay, filtered tails, tail processing, interference, comb filtering, chorusing, flanging, rhythmical delay taps and the uses of delayed frequency modulation to increase presence and dimensionality within a mix.
Throughout the tutorial we show why its such an influential effect and why a detailed understanding of delay will invariably change the sound of your music and mixing, making it appear cohesive, wider, bigger and exhibit a three-dimensional stage, all in all, producing a more professional mix.
In addition, for this tutorial, we also examine SoundToys Echoboy. This has become the industry standard delay unit of many professional so we discuss each parameter in detail and show how - through its wealth of modulation options - it has become one of the most creative and must have effects for the production of dance music.
An introduction to the tutorial
Session 01: History of Delay: 20 minutes
In the first session we investigate the history of delay and examine the tape delay system along with the importance of the capstan in preventing wow and flutter.
Session 02: Basic Delay: 20 minutes
We begin to investigate the parameters on offer in a typical delay unit and how they can be employed to create basic delays
Session 03: Theory 1 - Long Delays: 20 minutes
Here, we examine the theory behind long delays, how they are created in the real word and the effects of diffusion.
Session 04: SoundToys Echoboy 1: 30 minutes
With the theory discussed, we examine what is perhaps one of the most influential delay processors available today - the Soundtoys Echoboy.
Session 05: SoundToys Echoboy 2: 30 minutes
For this session we continue to examine the parameters available on the Soundtoys Echoboy and how they relate to the real physics of delay.
Session 06: Practical Echo: 40 minutes
This session culminates all the theory from the previous 5 sessions and examines how delay can be used within a mix to create the impression of space within a mix.
Session 07:Short Delay: 40 minutes
This session examines the theory behind short delay and the effects that constructive and deconstructive interference can impart on a sound, and how it can be controlled with careful settings
Session 08:Medium Delay: 25 minutes
After examining short delay, we move onto the theoru of medium delay and the effects these settings can impart onto sounds and the mix.
Session 09:Processing: 10 minutes
For the final session, we tie together all the theory discussed in the previous two sessions and examine how it can be used to produce a mix with more spatial resolution.